Tuesday, 5 March 2013

Chinese American Actress

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Chinese American Actress Biography
Jackie Chan

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Jackie Chan

Chan at the 2012 San Diego Comic-Con International.

Chinese name

成龍 (Traditional)


Chinese name

成龙 (Simplified)

Pinyin

Chéng Lóng (Mandarin)

Jyutping
Sing4 Lung4 (Cantonese)

Birth name

Chan Kong-sang
 陳港生 (Traditional)
 陈港生 (Simplified)
 Chén Gǎngshēng (Mandarin)
 Can4 Gong2 Sang1 (Cantonese)

Ancestry

Linzi, Shandong, China

Origin

British Hong Kong

Born

7 April 1954 (age 58)
 Victoria Peak, Hong Kong

Other name(s)

房仕龍 (Fong Si-lung)
 元樓 (Yuen Lou)
 大哥 (Big Brother)

Occupation

Actor, martial artist, director, producer, screenwriter, action choreographer, singer, stunt director, stunt performer

Genre(s)

Cantopop, Mandopop, Hong Kong English pop, J-pop

Years active

1959–present
 Spouse(s)

Lin Feng-jiao (m. 1982)

Children

Jaycee Chan (born 1982)

Parents

Charles and Lee-Lee Chan

Influences

Bruce Lee
 Buster Keaton
 Harold Lloyd

Awards[show]

Jackie Chan, SBS, MBE[1] (born Chan Kong-sang, 陳港生; 7 April 1954)[2] is a Hong Kong actor, action choreographer, comedian, director, producer, martial artist, screenwriter, entrepreneur, singer, and stunt performer. In his movies, he is known for his acrobatic fighting style, comic timing, use of improvised weapons, and innovative stunts. He is one of the few actors to have performed all of his film stunts. Jackie Chan has been acting since the 1960s and has appeared in over 150 films.

Chan has received stars on the Hong Kong Avenue of Stars and the Hollywood Walk of Fame. As a cultural icon, Chan has been referenced in various pop songs, cartoons, and video games. An operatically trained vocalist, Chan is also a Cantopop and Mandopop star, having released a number of albums and sung many of the theme songs for the films in which he has starred.

Contents
  [hide]  1 Early life
 2 Film career 2.1 Early exploits: 1976–1979
 2.2 Success of the action comedy genre: 1980–1987
 2.3 Acclaimed sequels and Hollywood breakthrough: 1988–1998
 2.4 Fame in Hollywood and Dramatization: 1999–2007
 2.5 New experiments and change in style: 2008–present

3 Personal life
 4 Stunts
 5 Filmography and screen persona
 6 Television work
 7 Music career
 8 Image and celebrity status
 9 Political views and controversy
 10 Entrepreneurship and philanthropy 10.1 The Jackie Chan Charitable Foundation
 10.2 The Dragon's Heart Foundation

11 Awards and nominations
 12 See also
 13 References
 14 Further reading
 15 External links

Early life

Chan was born on 7 April 1954, in British Hong Kong, as Chan Kong-sang, to Charles and Lee-Lee Chan, refugees from the Chinese Civil War. He was nicknamed Pao-pao Chinese: 炮炮(literally meaning "Cannonball") because the high-energy child was always rolling around.[3] Since his parents worked for the French ambassador in Hong Kong, Chan spent his formative years within the grounds of the consul's residence in the Victoria Peak district.[4]

Chan attended the Nah-Hwa Primary School on Hong Kong Island, where he failed his first year, after which his parents withdrew him from the school. In 1960, his father immigrated to Canberra, Australia, to work as the head cook for the American embassy, and Chan was sent to the China Drama Academy, a Peking Opera School run by Master Yu Jim-yuen.[4][5] Chan trained rigorously for the next decade, excelling in martial arts and acrobatics.[6] He eventually became part of the Seven Little Fortunes, a performance group made up of the school's best students, gaining the stage name Yuen Lo in homage to his master. Chan became close friends with fellow group members Sammo Hung and Yuen Biao, the three of them later to be known as the Three Brothers or Three Dragons.[7] After entering the film industry, Chan along with Sammo Hung got the opportunity to train in Hapkido under the grand master Jim Pal Kim, and Chan eventually attained a black belt.[8]

He began his career by appearing in small roles at the age of five. At the age of eight, he appeared with some of his fellow "Little Fortunes", in the film Big and Little Wong Tin Bar (1962), with Li Li Hua playing his mother. Chan appeared with Li again the following year, in The Love Eterne (1963) and had a small role in King Hu's 1966 film, Come Drink with Me.[9] In 1971, after an appearance as an extra in another Kung Fu film, A Touch of Zen, Chan began his adult career in the film industry, initially signing to Chu Mu's Great Earth Film Company.[10] At the age of seventeen, he worked as a stuntman in the Bruce Lee films Fist of Fury and Enter the Dragon under the stage name Chan Yuen Lung (Chinese: 陳元龍).[11] He received his first starring role later that year, in Little Tiger of Canton, which had a limited release in Hong Kong in 1973.[12] Due to the commercial failures of his early ventures into films and trouble finding stunt work, in 1975 Chan starred in a comedic adult film, All in the Family, which features Jackie Chan's first nude sex scene filmed. It is also the only film he has made to date that did not feature a single fight scene or stunt sequence.[13] Jackie Chan also appeared in a sex scene in the film The Shinjuku Incident, which was the only other nude scene that he ever filmed.

Chan joined his parents in Canberra in 1976, where he briefly attended Dickson College and worked as a construction worker.[14] A fellow builder named Jack took Chan under his wing, earning Chan the nickname of "Little Jack" which was later shortened to "Jackie" and the name Jackie Chan has stuck with him ever since.[15] In addition, in the late 90s, Chan changed his Chinese name to Fong Si-lung (Chinese: 房仕龍), since his father's original surname was Fong.[15]

Film career

Early exploits: 1976–1979

Jackie Chan began his film career as a stuntman in the Bruce Lee films Fist of Fury (1972) and Enter the Dragon (1973, pictured).
In 1976, Jackie Chan received a telegram from Willie Chan, a film producer in the Hong Kong film industry who had been impressed with Jackie's stuntwork. Willie Chan offered him an acting role in a film directed by Lo Wei. Lo had seen Chan's performance in the John Woo film Hand of Death (1976) and planned to model him after Bruce Lee with the film New Fist of Fury.[10] His stage name was changed to Sing Lung (Chinese: 成龍, also transcribed as Cheng Long,[16] literally "become the dragon") to emphasise his similarity to Bruce Lee, whose stage name was Lei Siu-lung (Chinese: 李小龍, meaning "Little Dragon"). The film was unsuccessful because Chan was not accustomed to Lee's martial arts style. Despite the film's failure, Lo Wei continued producing films with similar themes, resulting in little improvement at the box office.[17]

Chan's first major breakthrough was the 1978 film Snake in the Eagle's Shadow, shot while he was loaned to Seasonal Film Corporation under a two-picture deal.[18] Under director Yuen Woo-ping, Chan was allowed complete freedom over his stunt work. The film established the comedic kung fu genre, and proved to be a breath of fresh air for the Hong Kong audience.[19] Chan then starred in Drunken Master, which finally propelled him to mainstream success.[20]

Upon Chan's return to Lo Wei's studio, Lo tried to replicate the comedic approach of Drunken Master, producing Half a Loaf of Kung Fu and Spiritual Kung Fu.[15] He also gave Chan the opportunity to co-direct The Fearless Hyena with Kenneth Tsang. When Willie Chan left the company, he advised Jackie to decide for himself whether or not to stay with Lo Wei. During the shooting of Fearless Hyena Part II, Chan broke his contract and joined Golden Harvest, prompting Lo to blackmail Chan with triads, blaming Willie for his star's departure. The dispute was resolved with the help of fellow actor and director Jimmy Wang Yu, allowing Chan to stay with Golden Harvest.[18]

Success of the action comedy genre: 1980–1987

The film Police Story, nicknamed "Glass Story" for its stunt work, is set in a modern period. The department store fight scenes were filmed in Wing On Department Store in Sheung Wan, Hong Kong.
Willie Chan had become Jackie's personal manager and firm friend, and has remained so for over 30 years. He was instrumental in launching Chan's international career, beginning with his first forays into the American film industry in the 1980s. His first Hollywood film was Battle Creek Brawl in 1980. Chan then played a minor role in the 1981 film The Cannonball Run, which grossed US$100 million worldwide. Despite being largely ignored by audiences in favour of established American actors like Burt Reynolds, Chan was impressed by the outtakes shown at the closing credits, inspiring him to include the same device in his future films.

After the commercial failure of The Protector in 1985, Chan temporarily abandoned his attempts to break into the US market, returning his focus to Hong Kong films.[17]

Back in Hong Kong, Chan's films began to reach a larger audience in East Asia, with early successes in the lucrative Japanese market including The Young Master (1980) and Dragon Lord (1982). The Young Master went on to beat previous box office records set by Bruce Lee and established Chan as Hong Kong cinema's top star. With Dragon Lord, he began experimenting with elaborate stunt action sequences,[21] including a pyramid fight scene that holds the record for the most takes for a single sequence of scenes with 2900 takes,[22] and the final fight scene where he performs various stunts, including one where he does a back flip off a loft and falls to the lower ground.[23]

Chan produced a number of action comedy films with his opera school friends Sammo Hung and Yuen Biao. The three co-starred together for the first time in 1983 in Project A, which introduced a dangerous stunt-driven style of martial arts that won it the Best Action Design Award at the third annual Hong Kong Film Awards.[24] Over the following two years, the "Three Brothers" appeared in Wheels on Meals and the original Lucky Stars trilogy.[25][26] In 1985, Chan made the first Police Story film, a US-influenced action comedy in which Chan performed a number of dangerous stunts. It was named the "Best Film" at the 1986 Hong Kong Film Awards.[27] In 1987, Chan played "Asian Hawk," an Indiana Jones-esque character, in the film Armour of God. The film was Chan's biggest domestic box office success up to that point, grossing over HK $35 million.[28]
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